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dc.rights.licenseIn Copyrighten_US
dc.creatorLowney, Charles W.
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-02T17:36:53Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationLowney, Charles. "Re-Thinking the Machine Metaphor since Descartes." The Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 31:3 June, 2011, pp. 179-192.en_US
dc.identifier.citationhttp://bst.sagepub.com/content/31/3/179.full.pdf+htmlen_US
dc.identifier.issn0270-4676
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.wlu.edu/xmlui/handle/11021/22548
dc.descriptionCharles W. Lowney, II is a visiting professor in the Philosophy Department at Washington and Lee University.en_US
dc.descriptionArticle; [FULL-TEXT AVAILABLE THROUGH LINK BELOW]en_US
dc.description.abstractMichael Polanyi's conceptions of tacit knowing and emergent being are used to correct a reductionism that developed from, or reacted against, the excesses of several Cartesian assumptions: (1) the method of universal doubt; (2) the emphasis on reductive analysis to unshakeable foundations, via connections between clear and distinct ideas; (3) the notion that what is real are the basic atomic substances out of which all else is composed; (4) a sharp body-mind substance dualism; and (5) the notion that the seat of consciousness can be traced to a point in the human body. The reductivist project in biology began with the emphasis Descartes put on the body as a machine. Michael Polanyi re-appropriates the machine metaphor to demonstrate how mechanistic explanations are not fully reductive. He shows how an eliminative materialism that would reduce mind to brain is unwarranted if either an interlevel mechanistic reduction or an intralevel successional reduction is posited.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherFinal published version of article copyrighted by SAGEen_US
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en_US
dc.titleRe-Thinking the Machine Metaphor: On the Irreducibility of Bodies, Minds and Meaningsen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.subject.fastMind and bodyen_US
dc.subject.fastIntentionality (Philosophy)en_US
dc.subject.fastEmergentism (Philosophy)en_US
dc.subject.fastReductionismen_US
dc.subject.fastEliminative behavioren_US
dc.subject.fastBiologyen_US
dc.subject.fastCognitive scienceen_US


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