Exclusionary Zoning and Justice: Concentrated Disadvantage, Intergenerational Poverty, Persistent Legality
Shaw, Brianna L.
Washington and Lee University, Shepherd Poverty Program
Zoning, Exclusionary -- U.S. states
Discrimination in housing
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Capstone; [FULL-TEXT FREELY AVAILABLE ONLINE]Brianna L. (Bri) Shaw is a member of the Class of 2018 of Washington and Lee University.Zoning laws—laws that govern what can and cannot be done with land in America—are found in nearly every major US city. First adopted in 1916 by New York City, they were a way for cities to regulate the exposure of their inhabitants to industry. . . . However, zoning soon became a way for populations of power, largely the white and the rich, to control the movement and proximity of minorities, those considered distasteful and/or bad for good neighborhoods. Ordinances yielding this kind of effect are referred to as exclusionary (Sager, 1969). It's hard to gauge the breadth of this issue in terms of how many cities have adopted exclusionary zoning policies, largely because ordinances are constructed at the local level of government and there are no standardized approaches. This means that the methodologies for accomplishing exclusionary zoning are widely varied, limited only by the creativity of the governing body dictating them, usually an elected or appointed zoning commission that requires the approval of the local town/city council (American Planning Association, 2011). There are, however, a few exclusionary zoning (EZ) policies that are more common than others. [From Introduction]Bri Shaw